By the end of the war, more than 12 million soldiers were in the military. With the men again overseas, women were needed in U.S. factories. Rosie the Riveter became the symbol of the female workforce. The percentage of women in the workforce rose from slightly less than 25 percent to about 35 percent.
Training demands for the war grew. The Eau Claire vocational school formed a cooperative educational program with the federal government. The city and county kicked in money for equipment and building rental.
Eau Claire added many new classes, including: two-week institutes for linemen; industrial psychology; accounting courses for civil service; trade extension classes for city electricians and sheet metal workers; pharmacology; Dresden china painting; driver’s education; and barbering.
After the war, federal money continued to flow to vocational schools for training veterans returning home after the war. Veterans received financial assistance for attending school to learn skills needed in the local job market.